As defined by the United Nations, the Culture of Peace is "a set of values, attitudes, modes of behaviour and ways of life that reject violence and prevent conflicts by tackling their root causes to solve problems through dialogue and negotiation among individuals, groups and nations" (UN Resolutions A/RES/52/13 : Culture of Peace and A/RES/53/243, Declaration and Programme of Action on a Culture of Peace).
The action plan for the Decade proposes eight spheres of activities
in which to work for the promotion of the Culture of Peace:
- to reinforce a culture of peace through education
- to promote economically and socially sustainable development
- to promote the respect of all human rights
- to ensure the equality between women and men
- to support democratic participation
- to develop comprehension, tolerance and solidarity
- to support participative communication and the freedom of movement
of information and knowledge
- to promote international peace and safety
Since the beginning of the 1990s, under Federico Mayors impulse, UNESCO has worked to more clearly define what a Culture
of Peace is (see: www3.UNESCO.org/iycp/Frfr_sum_refdoc.htm).
Other approaches to the Culture of Peace and Non-violence appear in the Manifesto 2000.