As defined by the United Nations, the Culture of Peace is
"a set of values, attitudes, modes of behaviour and ways of life that reject violence and prevent conflicts by tackling their root causes to solve problems through dialogue and negotiation among individuals, groups and nations" .
The action plan for the Decade proposes eight spheres of activities in which to work for the promotion of the Culture of Peace:
to reinforce a culture of peace through education
to promote economically and socially sustainable development
to promote the respect of all human rights
to ensure the equality between women and men
to support democratic participation
to develop comprehension, tolerance and solidarity
to support participative communication and the freedom of movement of information and knowledge
to promote international peace and safety
Since the beginning of the 1990s, under Federico Mayor’s impulse, UNESCO has worked to define more clearly what a Culture of Peace means.
Other approaches to the Culture of Peace and Non-violence appear in the Manifesto 2000.